SenDraw

SenDrawII User Manual

Table of Contents

Software Description top

SenDraw, the basic version, is a software application for creating Reed-Kellogg sentence diagrams. Reed-Kellogg diagrams visually map sentence components. SenDraw was created in 1999 by UCF graduate software engineering students of EEL 5881: Software Engineering I, taught by G. Walton, Ph.D. SenDrawA was later released to solve some printing problems in SenDraw. SenDrawII is the latest version and allows the user to save files as .jpg and .bmp file types. This version was created by UCF graduate software engineering students of EEL 5881: Software Engineering I, this time taught by Damla Turgut, Ph.D.

All SenDraw versions are free software applications.

System Requirements top

Note: This program does not work on a Mac.
The following is a list of PC system requirements to ensure proper functioning of the software:

  • CPU: 80386 or higher
  • RAM: 8 MB or higher
  • Disk Space: 20 MB or higher
  • Video: VGA or higher at 800 X 800 resolution
  • Operating System: Microsoft Windows 95 or higher

Installation and Execution top

Note: These instructions were developed with the Windows 7 operating system. Your results may vary slightly if you're using a computer with a different operating system.

  1. To install the application, right click on "SenDrawII.exe" on the SenDraw Downloads page.
  2. Select "Save Target As". Then save the file as an "Application."
  3. To run the program, double click on the SenDrawII icon.
  4. SendrawII Icon

    SenDrawII Icon

  5. You will see a pop-up similar to the one shown below. Select "Run."
  6. Open File Pop-Up

    Open File Pop-Up

Note: You can run SenDrawII from the webpage (no download required) by clicking the executable file on the webpage with the left mouse button and selecting "Run" on the File Download pop-up.

File Download Pop-Up

File Download Pop-Up

SenDrawII Basic Functions top

When the SenDrawII application is running, the Main window is displayed.

SenDrawII Main Window

SenDrawII Main Window

On the SenDrawII Main window, under File, is a drop-down menu containing the commands: New, Open, and Exit.

Main Window File Drop-down

Main Window File Drop-down

  • Select New to begin a new diagram. A sizing pop-up will appear that allows you to change the size and background color of the Diagramming window. Make changes as desired, and then click OK.
Sizing Pop-Up Window

Sizing Pop-Up Window

Clicking OK will open the Diagramming window.

Diagramming Window

Diagramming Window

  • Select Open to open a SenDrawII diagram you previously saved with the .sdxml file extension. Use the window that is displayed to navigate to your SenDrawII file.

Only files with the .sdxml file extension saved with SenDrawII can be opened and manipulated in the SenDrawII application.

  • Select Exit to exit the application.

There are two buttons on the main window: Drawing Tool and Text Tool. The application defaults to the Drawing Tool. The tool that is selected appears in light text. In the example below, the Drawing Tool is selected.

Drawing Tool and Text Tool Buttons

Drawing Tool and Text Tool Buttons

  • Select Drawing Tool to draw the sentence diagram structure.
  • Select Text Tool to enter text on the sentence diagram.

The options available below the tool selection buttons vary depending on the tool chosen.

The Drawing Tool has two options: Pen and Shapes.

Pen and Shapes Options

Pen and Shapes Options

  • When Pen is selected, the options available are Change Color, Dashed Line, and Line Size.
  • When Shapes is selected, the options available are Change Color, Dashed Line, Line Size, and Shape.

When the Text Tool is selected, the options available are Bold, Italics, Change Color, Text Size, Font, and Angle. A Text box is also provided for entering the text to be displayed. After entering text into the Text box, position the cursor in the Diagramming window where you want the text to appear. Click and drag the mouse to position the text.

On the diagramming window is a drop-down File menu with the options: Save, Save as, Change size, Print, and Close.

Diagramming Window File Drop-Down Menu

Diagramming Window File Drop-Down Menu

  • Save - Select Save to save the file you are modifying in the diagramming window.
  • Save as – Select Save as to save a new file or to save a file as a different file type or with a different name.
  • Change size – Select Change size to change the size of the diagramming window.
  • Print – Select Print to print the file in the diagramming window.
  • Close – Select Close to close the diagramming window.

The diagramming window has a drop-down Layer menu with the following options:

Diagramming Window Layer Drop-Down Menu

Diagramming Window File Layer Drop-Down Menu

Every action you perform in the Diagramming window is a layer. You can use the Layer menu (or the corresponding keyboard shortcuts shown in the menu) to navigate through layers and to make changes to the layers. For example, selecting Delete from this menu or holding the Ctrl key while hitting the Del key (the Ctrl+Del keyboard shortcut) will delete the last action. Delete works like the Undo command in Windows.

Example of How to Make a Sentence Diagram Using SenDrawII top

To familiarize yourself with the application, follow these step-by-step instructions to make the sentence diagram below.
Sample Sentence Diagram

Sample Sentence Diagram

  • 1) Start a new sentence diagram in the Diagramming window.

    1. Select "New" from the File pull-down menu in the Main window.
    2. Main Window File Drop-down
    3. Click OK on the re-sizing pop-up window.
    4. Main Window File Drop-down
    5. A window will appear called "Untitled." This is the sentence diagraming window.
    6. Diagramming Window
  • 2) Draw a straight line in the Diagramming window.

    1. Select Drawing Tool, Shapes, and Straight Line in the Main window as shown below.
    2. Main Window
    3. Click in the sentence Diagramming window and hold down the mouse button while sliding the mouse across the screen to make a straight line.

    Note: If the line isn't straight, you can delete it and try again. Select "Delete" in the Layer drop-down menu in the Diagramming window.

  • 3) Enter "(you)" in the Text box and position it on the straight line.

    1. Select Text Tool. Ensure the Angle is "0". Type "(you)" into the Text box.
    2. Main Window
    3. Place the cursor above the line in the diagraming window.
    4. Press the mouse button and hold down to position the text box.
    5. Step 3
  • 4) Repeat the last step with "Give" and "money."

    1. Replace "(you)" in the Text box with "Give" and position the cursor above the line in the Diagramming window on the line to the right of "(you)."
    2. Click and drag the cursor to place the text above the line.
    3. Repeat the above steps with "money," placing the text to the right of "Give."
    4. Step 4
  • 5) Draw the two vertical lines.

    1. Select Drawing Tool, the Shapes radio button and the Shape "Straight Line."
    2. Step 5
    3. Position the cursor in the Diagramming window and click and drag to make the vertical lines as shown below.
    4. Step 5
  • 6) Draw the angled line coming from the middle of the main line and the line parallel to the main line.

    1. Select Angled Line in the Shape drop down.
    2. Step 6
    3. Click and hold down the mouse button to draw an angled line under "Give" in the Diagramming window.
    4. Step 6
    5. Change the shape to "Straight Line" in the Shape pick list.
    6. Step 6
    7. Click and hold the mouse to draw a straight line coming off the end of the angled line and parallel to the first line.
    8. Step 6
  • 7) Enter "man" in the Text box and position it on the new straight line.

    1. Select Text Tool and place "man" on the horizontal part of the angled line.
    2. Step 7
  • 8) Draw an angled line off the line with "man."

    1. Select Drawing Tool, Shapes, and Angled Line in the main window.
    2. Step 8
    3. Place cursor under "man" and click and hold the mouse button to draw an angled line.
    4. Step 8
  • 9) Enter "the" in the Text box and position it on the angled line.

    1. Select Text Tool, "-45" on the Angle drop-down and enter "the" in the Text box.
    2. Step 9
    3. Click above the new angled line in the Diagramming window and position the text.
    4. Step 9
  • 10) Draw an angled line coming from the right side of the main line.

    1. Select Drawing Tool, Shapes, and Angled Line.
    2. Step 10
    3. Click on the horizontal line under "money" in the Diagramming window and draw an angled line.
    4. Step 10
  • 11) Enter "your" and position it on the new angled line.

    1. Select Text Tool, -45 Angle and enter "your" in the Text box.
    2. Step 11
    3. Click in the Diagramming window near the angled line and hold down the button to place the text.
    4. Step 11
  • 12) Save the file.

    1. Select "Save As" in the File pull-down menu on the Diagramming window.
    2. Step 12
    3. The file type defaults to SenDrawII file type (.sdxml), as shown below. Saving as this type will allow you to re-open the file in SenDrawII and make changes.
    4. Step 12
    5. Enter a name for the file in the File name box.
    6. Click Save.
    7. If you want the diagram to be available outside of SenDrawII, change the type to another format such as JPEG (.jpg) or Bitmap (.bmp).
    8. Step 12

Congratulations! You just made your first sentence diagram!

FAQ top

Downloading and Installing Application top

  • What are the system requirements of SenDrawII?

    CPU: 80386 or higher
    RAM: 8 MB or higher
    Disk Space: 20 MB or higher
    Video: VGA or higher at 800 X 800 resolution
    Operating System: Microsoft Windows 95 or higher

  • Does SenDrawII work on a Mac?

    No, SenDrawII only works on a PC.

  • How do I install SenDrawII?

    To install the application, right click on SenDrawII.exe on the SenDraw Downloads page. Select "Save Target As". Then save the file as an "Application."

  • How do I run SenDrawII?

    If you have installed the application, double click on the SenDrawII icon. Select "Run" on the pop-up.

    SendrawII Icon

    SendrawII Icon

    If you have not installed the application, you can run it from the webpage by clicking on SenDrawII.exe on the SenDraw Downloads page.

  • How do I get SenDrawII on my Start bar?

    Select the icon and drag it to the Start bar.

Creating and Manipulating a Diagram top

  • How do I begin a new sentence diagram?

    Select File -> New on the Main window. The new window that appears is the sentence diagramming window.

  • How do I create and modify lines?

    Select Drawing Tool in the Main window. Select the options you want. Click in the sentence Diagramming window and move the mouse across the screen to make the shape you selected.

  • How do I create and modify text?

    Select Text Tool in the Main window. Select the options you want. Click in the sentence Diagramming window and hold down the mouse button to position the text how you want it to appear.

  • How do I undo my last action in the sentence Diagramming window?

    Select Layer -> Delete on the sentence Diagramming window.

  • How do I move through the layers of the diagram?

    Select Layer -> Previous Layer or Layer -> Next Layer on the sentence Diagramming window.

  • How do I know what is in the current layer?

    Select Layer -> Show Current Layer on the sentence Diagramming window. The current layer is highlighted.

File Management top

  • How do I save a sentence diagram?

    Select File -> Save or File -> Save As in the Diagramming window.

    Diagramming Window Menu

    Diagramming Window Menu

    If you want to be able to re-open the file in SenDrawII, select "SenDrawII File (*.sdxml)" as the type in the pick list "Save as type," as shown below.

    Saving File as SenDrawII Type

    Saving File as SenDrawII Type

    If you want to use the file in other applications, select "JPEG File (*.jpg)" or "Bitmap File (*.bmp)" as the type as shown below.

    Saving File as JPEG Type

    Saving File as JPEG Type

    Saving File as Bitmap Type

    Saving File as Bitmap Type

  • How do I print a sentence diagram?

    Select File -> Print from the diagramming window.

  • How do I open a sentence diagram file I have saved?

    Select File -> Open from the Main window.

Troubleshooting top

  • What do I do if I get errors when downloading?

    Try downloading with a different browser.

  • What if my lines are crooked?

    Sometimes the lines do not come out straight. Do Layer -> Delete and try again.

  • What happened to the application?

    If you installed the application (saved it as an application) on your computer, you can search for SenDrawII through the Start bar. If you downloaded the application from the webpage, it is not installed. Follow the steps to install the application.

  • I still have questions. Who do I contact for help?

    Contact Dr. Beth Rapp Young at beth.young@ucf.edu.

SenDraw Project • Department of English • College of Arts & Humanities at the University of Central Florida
Web site Technical Support: cahweb@ucf.edu